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Sri Lanka

Overview

Introduction

SRI LANKA IS KNOWN FOR

FRIENDLIER PEOPLE: With a genuine smile on the face, Sri Lankan people are known to be friendlier and the most hospitable in the world.

TEA: Te world’s purest and finest tea is produced by Sri Lanka which is the world’s 4th largest producer and 2nd largest exporter of tea. World-renowned as “Ceylon Tea”, Sri Lankan tea is of distinctive taste, attractive aroma and untouchable quality. This is because the country’s tropical climate and fertile soil are healthier for quality tea production.

GEMS: Known as the “Island of Gems” since ancient times. Sri Lanka’s gem industry has a history of over 2500 years. The world’s rarest gemstones are found in this wonderful island which is most famous for its blue sapphires. Sri Lankan Blue sapphires are world-renowned and highly priced because of its pleasing tone of colour, flawlessness, very high transparency clarity.

CRICKET: A big cricket playing nation in the world, Sri Lanka was the World Cup Champions in 1996 and has been the world cup runners-up for several times

GARMENTS: Sri Lankan garments are world-renowned because of its quality. Sri Lanka’s garment industry now turned to be a fashion industy is a more reliable supplier of quality garments to the worlds top brands and now Sri Lanka is regarded as a producer of “garments with no guilty”.

FOOD & BEVERAGES: Sri Lanka is famous for her finest spicy and tasty foods and delicious beverages. Sri Lanka’s Savory dishes, prepared with its world-renowned home- grown, have hight health value.

GOLDEN BEACHES: Sri Lanka is a resplendent island blassed with more than thousand kilometers of stunning golden beaches that attract tens of thousand of tourist around the world annually.

HERITAGE: A county with grate history, Sri Lanka has a splendid heritage which has mostly been influenced by Buddhism. Inscribed by UNESCO, Sri Lanka has eight world heritage sites.

PEACE: Nearly three decades long bloody war between the terrorists and the Sri Lanka government came to and end in 2009 drawing long-awaited peace to the war-torn Island which is now regarded as one of the most peaceful countries as well as one of the safest tourist destinations in the world.

AYURVEDIC TREATMENTS: Developed over 3000 Years Sri Lanka’s System of Ayurveda is an indigenous form of traditional medicine influenced by Hindu Ayurveda.The worlds famous Sri Lank’s Ayurvedic treatments heal and rejuvenate body and mind leading to a healthier and longer life. Ayurveda with meditation and yoga leads not only to bodily and mental wellness but spiritual wellness as well.

WORLD’S BIGGEST MAMMELS: Both world’s largest marine and land mammals can be sighted in few hours in Sri Lanka. Blue whales are mostly seen in the county’s eastern and southern seas and elephant can also be seen in the eastern and southern low lands in addition to other areas of the county

SPICES: Indigenous to Sri Lanka, Ceylon cinnamon or true cinnamon is the most famous in the world because of its distinctive quality and aroma. Sri Lanka accounts for over 90%of the worlds market for true cinnamon. Sri Lank’s other species such as cloves, cardamom, black pepper, nutmeg etc also have a big demand in the international market. This is owing to no other reason but its quality. Sri Lanka is Tropical County close to the equator with fertile and diverse soil types, varying microclimates and favorable tempters variations. All these contribute to the higher intrinsic value of most crops grown on this island

Geographics

The main island of Sri Lanka, formerly called Ceylon, is an island in the Indian Ocean belongs to Sri Lanka, located in Southern Asia, southeast of India, in a strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes. It has a total area of 65,610 km², with 64,740 km² of land and 870 km² of water. Its coastline is 1,340 km long. Sri Lanka's climate includes tropical monsoons: the northeast monsoon (December to March), and the southwest monsoon (June to October). Its terrain is mostly low, flat to rolling plain, with mountains in the south-central interior. The highest point isPidurutalagala at 2,524.13 m. Natural resources include limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower. Adam's Bridge, a land connection to the Indian mainland, is now mostly submerged with only a chain of limestone shoals remaining above sea level. According to temple records, this natural causeway was formerly complete, but was breached by a violent storm (probably a cyclone) in 1480. In South Asia, the formation is known as Rama's Bridge, as, according to Hindu mythology, it was constructed during the rule of Rama.

Culture & Heritage

Culture

The culture of Sri Lanka has been influenced by many factors but has managed to retain much of its ancient aspects. Mostly it has been influenced by its long history and its buddhist heritage. The country has a rich artistic tradition, embracing the fine arts, including music, dance, and visual arts. Sri Lankan lifestyle is reflected in the cuisine, festivals, and sports. South Indian influences are visible in many aspects. There is also some influences from colonization by the Portuguese, the Dutch, and the British. Sri Lankan culture is best known abroad for its cricket, food, holistic medicine, religious icons like the Buddhist flag, and cultural exports such as tea, cinnamon and gems. Sri Lankan culture is diverse, as it varies from region to region.

Sri Lanka has had ties with Indian subcontinent from ancient times.Demographics: Sinhalese 74.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 9.23%, Indian Tamil 4.16%, Sri Lankan Tamil 11.21%, Other 0.6%

Eight sites of Sri Lanka have been inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage, namely, the ancient city of Polonnaruwa (1982), the ancient city of Sigiriya (1982), the Golden Temple of Dambulla (1991), the old town of Galle and its fortifications (1988), the sacred city ofAnuradhapura (1982), the sacred city of Kandy (1988), Sinharaja Forest Reserve (1988) and the Central Highlands of Sri Lanka (2010).

Fast Facts

Facts

Location

Between Latitudes 5 55” & 9 55” and longitudes 79 42” & 81 52”

Maximum Length: 435km (From point Pedro to Dendra head)

Maxim Width : 225km (from Colombo to Sangaman Kanda)

Extent of Land 65,610km

Capital
Legislative & Commercial Capital: Sri Jayewardenepura & Colombo

Currency
Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)

Climate
Typically tropical with northeast monsoon and southwest monsoon

Temperature

Minimum-C Mean-C Maximum-C
Low Country 24.40 28.05 31.70
Hill County 17.10 21.47 26.30

Demography
Population:20mn
Majority :Sinhala
Religious Groups: Buddhist 70%,Hindu 12.6%, Islam 9.7%, Roman Catholic 6%

Visa

VISA

An intended traveler visiting Sri Lanka for a short stay for any of the following purposes, must obtain ETA (Electronic Travel Authorization) prior to arrival.

  • Sightseeing, holidaying
  • Visiting friends and relatives
  • Medical treatment including Ayurvedic and yoga
  • Participate in sporting events, competitions and activities relating to cultural performance
  • Visiting project related matters

ETA is an official authorization for a Short Visit to Sri Lanka and is issued electronically. The ETA is introduced with the intention of providing an efficient, reliable and simplified service to those who visit Sri Lanka. ETA holders will be issued a 30 day Short Visit visa at the port of entry in Sri Lanka. The ETA will be effective from 1st of January 2012. The ETA is issued through an on-line system. No passport copies, documents or photographs are required. There is no requirement to endorse the ETA on the passport

On arrival at the port of entry in Sri Lanka

Upon arrival, produce your passport to the immigration officer at the port of entry to obtain the necessary clearance. It is advisable for you to bring a copy of the ETA approval notice along with you.

All ETA holders should be able to prove:

(i) A round trip ticket to show at the port of entry in Sri Lanka (only if you are traveling by air).
(ii) Evidence of sufficient funds to cover your expenses in Sri Lanka.

Apply for VISA https://eta.gov.lk

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